Transition Services


Transition services as defined by P.L. 101-476:

A coordinated set of activities designed within an outcome oriented process that promotes movement form school to post-school activities including:

  • post - secondary education
  • vocational training
  • integrated employment (including supported employment)
  • continuing and adult education
  • adult services
  • independent living or community participation


The coordinated set of activities must be based on the individual student's needs, taking into account the student's preferences, including:

  • instruction
  • community experiences
  • development of employment and other post-school adult living objectives and if appropriate:
  • the acquisition of daily living skills and functional vocational evaluation



  • Only 32% of persons with disabilities work full or part-time compared to 81% of the non-disabled population. (National Organization on Disabilities 2000)
  • Only 40% of students with disabilities graduated from high school in Michigan
  • Transition Services are needed for youth with disabilities to become well-adjusted, suitably employed members of their communities.

(Halloran and Simon, 1995)



  • Improving access to agencies to agencies and services 
  • Improving communication among students, family members, service providers, business and other community supports. 
  • Reducing gaps in service delivery and availability. 
  • Limiting duplication of services or efforts.
  • Creating new programs and services where needs are not being met.
  • Preparing students for the responsibilities and rewards of adult living and participation in the community.



Prepare students with disabilities for the world of work by providing the following services:

  • Career education
  • Vocational evaluations
  • Job training
  • Teaching work behaviors
  • Planning for college or vocational school
  • Financial aid


Prepare students for adult living:

  • Teach daily living skills
  • Housing choices
  • Assist with transportation
  • Financial support
  • Leisure activities



  • Teamwork with families, agencies, businesses and school
  • Helping people help themselves

(self-advocacy skills)

  • Person-centered planning
  • Educating the schools, businesses, and agencies about transition
  • Developing materials and tools to help people with transition planning





Video: Helping Young Adults with Disabilities Reach Their Hopes and Dreams

Video Closed Captioned: Helping Young Adults with Disabilities Reach Their Hopes & Dreams


Developed by the Family to Family Health Information and Education Center, and posted by Wayne Regional Educational Service Agency on the MI Streamnet website, this video focuses on transition to adulthood and includes Individualized Education Programs, Educational Development Plans, Person Centered Plans, Transition Plans of Care, Housing, Education, Employment, Health Care and Recreation. The video has a main section, about 46 minutes in length, in addition to 75 minutes in additional features. MI Streamnet, a REMC Association of Michigan project,  is a portal to live and on-demand professional development and legislative videos for Michigan educators and other interested parties. MI Streamnet uses the Internet and Apple's Quicktime to deliver these video events to the user's computer, free of charge.